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40 Meter

Luxury Charter Pinisi / KLM

132' Length On Deck

40 Meter Indonesian Kapal Layar Mesin - Luxury Charter Yacht - Kasten Marine Design, Inc.
Larger Perspective Aft | Aft Perspective Under Sail | Forward Perspective Under Sail
Cool Image of Hull Model Being Developed

Copyright 2013 Michael Kasten


The 40 meter wooden charter yacht shown here is modeled after the traditional Indonesian Kapal Layar Mesin - which means "boat-sail-machine." In Indonesia the type is just called "KLM." In the West we call it a "Motor Sailor."

The prototype shown above is sized in between the relatively much smaller 30 Meter KLM, 33 Meter KLM, and 36 Meter KLM types and the relatively much larger 50 Meter KLM that we have previously developed. At 40 meters on deck this design is large enough to carry the 'double deck' very handsomely. With a rounded forward face to the lounge and the bridge promenade deck, there is an extra element of grace. At 40 meters, it is also large enough to accommodate 4 high luxury suites below forward, plus one or two high luxury suites on the upper Bridge Deck aft.

Preliminary particulars are:

A Better Sail Rig...?

Typically, a cargo carrying KLM will be arranged with a fore mast only, and although there is a sail present, its main purpose is to gain a 'sailing ship' tax advantage for the owner. The sail is also available as "get-home" propulsion in the event of engine failure, though obviously any destination under sail alone would be directly down wind...!

Having been presented with the request to create a workable sail rig for a larger KLM, and to improve upon the sailing rig for the 'sailing Pinisi' types, the best arrangement is to use multiple masts. Especially this is so since the locally available timbers are limited in length. Using this strategy the gaff sails and gaff tops'ls are identical, therefore interchangeable, and balance is easily achieved. See the images at the following links:

Aft Perspective Under Sail | Forward Perspective Under Sail

The three mast rig shown in the links above are ideally suited to larger 'sailing Pinisi' types as well, and for the same reasons, i.e. to give ample sail area; to keep spar length to a minimum; to provide myriad sail combinations for the best balance; to keep individual sail sizes to a minimum and thus make the entire rig much more easily handled; and... well I could go on for quite some time without running out of good points to favor this kind of rig.

Even though this strategy has been pursued in order to get the most sail area on the smallest spar length in order to use local timbers, by far the best material for ALL the spars would be to make use of steel tube or pipe...! If designed correctly, once painted no-one knows they are not wood.

The Intent...

For the interior, the intent with this concept and other vessels of our design that the interior layout make it possible for the vessel to be used in either of two modes:

By "managed ownership" we mean that the yacht is privately owned, but is managed by a charter company who is able to charter the vessel when it is not being used by the owner. In exchange for its use, the charter company takes care of the vessel's maintenance and repairs, and provides the owner with an income stream. Done correctly, this is a rather ideal way to own a boat - no maintenance, it pays its own way, and the owner can step aboard a well maintained vessel nearly any time and simply enjoy their time aboard rather than having to manage the vessel's upkeep.

Comfort and privacy have been primary goals. Given the overall size, the interior layout is not at all crowded. Given that the vessel will be sailing in the tropics, excellent ventilation has been given the highest priority. Each cabin has a private head and shower and all accommodation spaces are air conditioned.

The Interior Layout

To best understand what I've proposed for the interior of this vessel, it will be helpful to study the layout of our 50m Sailing Pinisi design. The layout we have in mind for this 40m KLM is very similar, except that due to being smaller, each space would be proportionately re-sized, more or less as follows:

Below Decks

Right forward below the main deck is the fore peak, divided into two compartments, the forward-most of which would be the chain locker, and just aft of that the Bosun's locker for general storage of ship's gear.

On the lower deck aft of that, there are intended to be four large deluxe suites with en-suite luxury bath and shower, separated by a lengthwise hallway down the center. The centerline hallway will lead from a forward companionway all the way aft to the lounge on the main deck amidships. Aft of the four suites are a pair of utility rooms, one for laundry and one to accommodate two stewards or stewardesses. This type of general layout is similar to that shown on our 50m Sailing Pinisi Lower Deck Plan.

Aft of the forward accommodations is the engine room, sized to house all the support systems for chartering, including three generators, dive compressor, high pressure storage tanks, a redundant air conditioning system and large capacity reverse osmosis system for replenishing the fresh water supply.

Aft of the Engine Room are a crew mess, crew laundry, and crew cabins. These are also quite generous, allowing for approximately 14 to 16 crew without crowding.

Right aft, below the main deck is a Lazarette for general storage of ship's gear and other spares.

The Main Deck

The Main Deck can be best visualized by inspecting the above image, and also by studying the 50m Sailing Pinisi Main Deck Layout. The Fore Deck is intended to be quite large and open. It tends to be the preferred socializing area during both day and night.

Amidships on the Main Deck is a very large Lounge / Bar for the guests. The rounded forward end of the lounge allows an all-around array of windows to provide a sense of spaciousness, so that the view is undiminished even while inside. The lounge will have a stairway leading directly to the hallway below, which provides quick access to the guest suites below forward.

Aft of the lounge is another stairway, leading to port and upward to the Bridge Deck, which also provides access to the large guest suite on the aft end of the Bridge Deck. A stairway below that one leads down to the Crew Mess, the Crew Cabins and also provides access to the Engine Room.

Aft of the Main Deck stairwell is the galley with walk-in cool room, a large dive shop, and a cozy communications room / library.

At the aft end of these stairwells are a dive kiosk to starb'd and a day head to port. Aft of those is a spacious gourmet galley, which opens aft to a covered exterior social area / lounge - an excellent gathering spot for an informal Barbeque or for staging a dive adventure or evening entertainment...

The Bridge Deck

The Bridge Deck layout can be visualized fairly well by reviewing the 50m Sailing Pinisi Bridge Deck Layout.

At the forward end of the Bridge Deck is a large rounded-front 'Promenade Deck' which is located above the Lounge. The Promenade Deck provides yet another private place to get some sun or just a bit more privacy from the on-deck activities.

Just aft of the Promenade Deck is the Bridge, which extends the full width of the upper house. Aft of the Bridge is the main stairwell, a day-head, and the Captain's quarters.

In the 50m Sailing Pinisi, the stern is relatively more narrow. On this vessel, the stern has greater width to accommodate a wide Veranda Deck looking out to a wide panorama. Privacy is assured by the arrangement of walkways. The entry to each the large aft suite is at the forward end, directly from either side of the Bridge Deck. The result is a single truly magnificent Grand Suite...!

More Information...?

An interesting article on our work with these vessels appeared in the New York Times, called The Traditional Pinisi - And Then Some.  For a taste of what is possible with these craft, please see our Dunia Baru web page where you will find excellent as-built images.

If this or a similar Pinisi / luxury sailing yacht is of interest, we offer a thorough design service. Our preference is to take advantage of traditional methods to the maximum extent possible, but to bring the construction standard up to a classification society compliant structure. We offer our custom design services by which we can modify these types of vessels to suit a variety of requests to change the size or to modify the layout as needed, and then follow that up with our local knowledge in order to facilitate construction.

For complete information about our work with these vessels please see the following links, or for more information please inquire.

Our articles about building an Indonesian Pinisi or KLM:
Pinisi History  |  Pinisi Building  |  The Ultimate Charter Pinisi
Sailing vs. KLM Types  |  A Cargo Pinisi as a Yacht...?

Pinisi and KLM designs that we have created or have planned:
30m Pinisi, DATU BUA  |  36m Pinisi, SILOLONA
38m Pinisi, AMANDIRA  |  50m Sailing Pinisi

27m DIVE Charter KLM  |  30m Charter KLM  |  33m Charter KLM
36m KLM, DUNIA BARU  |  40m Charter KLM  |  50m Charter KLM

Descriptions of our adventures with these boats:
Silolona "Homecoming"  |  Indonesia Boatbuilding Images

Five Schooners and Two Arabian Dhows Suited to Building in Indonesia
17m Flores Privateer  |  20m Sulawesi Privateer  |  31m Komodo Privateer
36m Tern Schooner  |  36m Lombok Privateer  |  45m Kalimantan Privateer

22m Arabian Baghala  |  36m Arabian Baghala

Two junk rigged KLM types for construction in steel:
25m Lady Destiny  |  55m Lady Destiny